Pajamas or pyjamas, often shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can refer to a number of relevant forms of garments originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[1] but occasionally also for lounging,[2] also by equally sexes.[three] Additional frequently, pajamas might consult with many clothes, for both equally daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variants of favor and substance.

The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 with the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][6] The original pyjāmā are loose, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans in the course of East India Organization rule in India.[7][8]

The throughout the world utilization of pajamas (the word and also the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India within the 18th and 19th centuries, and also the British influence on the broader Western environment during the Victorian period. Pajamas were released to England as "lounging attire" as early because the seventeenth century, then called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) However they soon fell out of fashion. The term pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the main 50 percent on the nineteenth century. They did not become a manner in Britain plus the Western entire world as sleeping attire for guys until eventually the Victorian time period, from about 1870.[9]

Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of utilization at time (s.v. "pyjammas"):

Such a garment is used by many people in India e.g. by Girls of varied classes, by Sikh Adult males, and many by Mohammedans of the two sexes. It was adopted within the Mohammedans by Europeans being an post of dishabille and of night apparel, and is also synonymous with Lengthy Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It is possible that we English took the behavior similar to a fantastic several Other people within the Portuguese. Consequently Pyrard (c. 1610) states, in Talking of Goa Medical center: "Ils ont force calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term is currently Employed in London stores. A More friend furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty many years back, in reply to an issue why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as was sometimes the situation with These furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it really is because of the White Ants."[10]


Regular pajamas consist of a jacket-and-trousers combination fabricated from gentle cloth, like flannel or light-weight cotton.[11] The jacket aspect generally contains a placket front and its sleeves haven't any cuffs.[12] Lots of individuals choose to snooze or lounge in just the pajama trousers, possibly having a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Due to this, pajama pants for guys and boys are often offered as separates.

In colloquial speech, these common pajamas are frequently termed PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[13] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally generally known as night fits.

Some pajamas feature a drop seat (generally known as a trap doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening during the seat, created to enable the wearer to conveniently utilize a toilet. Fall seats were being very common on pajamas manufactured ahead of the 1950s, but inside the early 20-first century They may be somewhat rare.
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Modern day pajamas are derived from traditional pajamas. There are various variants in style including small sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[15] of varying size,[sixteen] or, every now and then, 1-piece pajamas,[17] and pajamas incorporating a variety of products. Chiefly inside the US, extend-knit snooze clothing with rib-knit trimmings are popular. Generally worn by youngsters, these clothes generally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a person-piece), and may also be footed.

Though pajamas are frequently distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes for instance nightgowns, More during the US, they have occasionally incorporated the latter like a prime. Babydoll pyjamas Use a form of small costume major around shorts or short trousers.[eighteen]

Pajamas may perhaps now refer to women's combination daywear, especially in the US where they became popular in the early twentieth century, consisting of brief-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight trousers. Samples of these involve capri pajamas, Beach front pajamas, and hostess pajamas.[19]

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