Pajamas or pyjamas, frequently shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can make reference to many similar kinds of clothes originating through the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[one] but occasionally also for lounging, also by the two sexes.[three] Additional frequently, pajamas may make reference to numerous garments, for each daywear and nightwear, derived from standard pajamas and involving versions of style and materials.
The word pyjama  was borrowed c. 1800 in the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[six] The first pyjāmā are unfastened, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans all through East India Enterprise rule in India.[seven][eight]
The worldwide usage of pajamas (the term plus the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India while in the 18th and 19th hundreds of years, as well as the British influence on the wider Western world during the Victorian period. Pajamas were released to England as "lounging attire" as early because the seventeenth century, then called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) However they soon fell out of fashion. The term pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the main 50 percent on the nineteenth century. They did not become a manner in Britain plus the Western entire world as sleeping attire for guys until eventually the Victorian period of time, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of utilization at time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
Such a garment is employed by many people in India e.g. by Girls of various classes, by Sikh Adult men, and most by Mohammedans of both sexes. It absolutely was adopted with the Mohammedans by Europeans as an article of dishabille and of night time attire, and is synonymous with Extensive Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It can be probable that we English took the habit similar to a excellent numerous Many others through the Portuguese. Hence Pyrard (c. 1610) says, in Talking of Goa Clinic: "Ils ont drive calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The phrase is now Employed in London retailers. An acquaintance furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty many years back, in reply to an issue why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as was sometimes the situation with These furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it really is because of the White Ants."[ten]
Regular pajamas consist Click here of a jacket-and-trousers combination crafted from delicate cloth, like flannel or light-weight cotton. The jacket aspect typically contains a placket front and its sleeves haven't any cuffs. Lots of individuals choose to slumber or lounge in just the pajama trousers, possibly having a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for men and boys are often offered as separates.
In colloquial speech, these common pajamas are frequently termed PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally referred to as night fits.
Some pajamas feature a drop seat (generally known as a trap doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening during the seat, created to enable the wearer to conveniently utilize a toilet. Fall seats were being very common on pajamas manufactured ahead of the 1950s, but while in the early 20-first century They can be alternatively uncommon.
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Present-day pajamas are derived from traditional pajamas. There are various variants in style including small sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms of varying size,[sixteen] or, every now and then, one-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating a variety of elements. Mainly in the US, stretch-knit rest attire with rib-knit trimmings are prevalent. Usually worn by kids, these garments typically have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if just one-piece), and could also be footed.
Although pajamas are often distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments including nightgowns, while in the US, they have got in some cases included the latter as being a leading. Babydoll pyjamas Possess a sort of limited gown prime about shorts or small trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may well currently check with Women of all ages's mix daywear, specifically in the US where by they turned preferred during the early twentieth century, consisting of shorter-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Samples of these incorporate capri pajamas, Seashore pajamas, and hostess pidžame pajamas.